Average Error: 14.7 → 0.0
Time: 10.8s
Precision: 64
Internal Precision: 320
\[\sqrt{1 + {x}^{2}}\]
\[\begin{array}{l} \mathbf{if}\;x \le -1.3352415157792068 \cdot 10^{+154}:\\ \;\;\;\;\frac{\frac{\frac{1}{8}}{x}}{x \cdot x} - \left(x + \frac{\frac{1}{2}}{x}\right)\\ \mathbf{elif}\;x \le 353.22601608574234:\\ \;\;\;\;\sqrt{x \cdot x + 1}\\ \mathbf{else}:\\ \;\;\;\;\left(x + \frac{\frac{1}{2}}{x}\right) - \frac{\frac{\frac{1}{8}}{x}}{x \cdot x}\\ \end{array}\]

Error

Bits error versus x

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Your Program's Arguments

Results

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Derivation

  1. Split input into 3 regimes
  2. if x < -1.3352415157792068e+154

    1. Initial program 59.6

      \[\sqrt{1 + {x}^{2}}\]
    2. Initial simplification59.6

      \[\leadsto \sqrt{x \cdot x + 1}\]
    3. Taylor expanded around -inf 0

      \[\leadsto \color{blue}{\frac{1}{8} \cdot \frac{1}{{x}^{3}} - \left(x + \frac{1}{2} \cdot \frac{1}{x}\right)}\]
    4. Simplified0

      \[\leadsto \color{blue}{\frac{\frac{\frac{1}{8}}{x}}{x \cdot x} - \left(\frac{\frac{1}{2}}{x} + x\right)}\]

    if -1.3352415157792068e+154 < x < 353.22601608574234

    1. Initial program 0.0

      \[\sqrt{1 + {x}^{2}}\]
    2. Initial simplification0.0

      \[\leadsto \sqrt{x \cdot x + 1}\]

    if 353.22601608574234 < x

    1. Initial program 28.8

      \[\sqrt{1 + {x}^{2}}\]
    2. Initial simplification28.8

      \[\leadsto \sqrt{x \cdot x + 1}\]
    3. Taylor expanded around inf 0.0

      \[\leadsto \color{blue}{\left(x + \frac{1}{2} \cdot \frac{1}{x}\right) - \frac{1}{8} \cdot \frac{1}{{x}^{3}}}\]
    4. Simplified0.0

      \[\leadsto \color{blue}{\left(x + \frac{\frac{1}{2}}{x}\right) - \frac{\frac{\frac{1}{8}}{x}}{x \cdot x}}\]
  3. Recombined 3 regimes into one program.
  4. Final simplification0.0

    \[\leadsto \begin{array}{l} \mathbf{if}\;x \le -1.3352415157792068 \cdot 10^{+154}:\\ \;\;\;\;\frac{\frac{\frac{1}{8}}{x}}{x \cdot x} - \left(x + \frac{\frac{1}{2}}{x}\right)\\ \mathbf{elif}\;x \le 353.22601608574234:\\ \;\;\;\;\sqrt{x \cdot x + 1}\\ \mathbf{else}:\\ \;\;\;\;\left(x + \frac{\frac{1}{2}}{x}\right) - \frac{\frac{\frac{1}{8}}{x}}{x \cdot x}\\ \end{array}\]

Runtime

Time bar (total: 10.8s)Debug log

herbie shell --seed '#(2775764126 3555076145 3898259844 1891440260 2599947619 1948460636)' 
(FPCore (x)
  :name "sqrt(1+x^2)"
  (sqrt (+ 1 (pow x 2))))